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Referencing Toolkit


In October 2019, the American Psychological Association published the APA (7th Edition) referencing style which is significantly different to APA (6th Edition).

The Newington College Library APA7 Referencing Style Guide is now published on the Library Home Page and entirely replaces the APA6, which is no longer available.

Please review all the information on the APA7 Guide. You will find some reference formats have moved categories and there have been small alterations to most format examples.

General Changes

Some general changes between APA6 and APA7 include:

  • Material to be referenced is generally classified by the format rather than retrieval location.
  • Clarity is given regarding citing social media platforms, grey literature and web resources.

In-text Referencing

Changes to in-text referencing between APA6 and APA7 include:

  • When using a narrative direct quotation the page number now moved to brackets at the end of the quote.
  • Author names listed in in-text references: For works with three or more authors cite only the surname of the first author followed by et al. from the first instance

Reference List

Changes to the Reference List between APA6 to APA7 incude:

  • Works no longer need place of publication.
  • List all authors up to and including 20 authors for all resources.
  • No longer include the words ‘Retrieved from’ for online resources.
  • DOI format standardised. The format is now: