Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Referencing Toolkit

How to Reference

Basic Format to Reference Multimedia Materials

Format for footnotes from a podcast, video file, or any other form of digital media.

  • If there is no episode title use the program title instead.
  • Format details should be included in square brackets after the title.
  • Add the URL and date accessed for online multimedia.

Example:

1The Euthanasia Debate [online video], Presenter A. Denton, Sydney, Australia, Studio 10, 2016, https://youtu.be/w4Aq1-H2GD0, (accessed 2 January 2019).

Multimedia reference example

 

Examples

Printable Handout

Citation Examples

Material Type

Footnote examples

Reference list examples

Film or Documentary

1 The Red Badge of Courage [dvd], Director J. Huston, Burbank, CA, MGM, 1951.

The Red Badge of Courage [dvd], Director J. Huston, Burbank, CA, MGM, 1951.

Podcast

1'Fungi and Mould', The Health Report [podcast], Presenter N. Swan, Sydney, NSW, ABC Radio National, 1999, http://www.abc.ney.au/healthreport/stories/1999/48140.htm, (accessed 10 March 2003).

'Fungi and Mould', The Health Report [podcast], Presenter N. Swan, Sydney, NSW, ABC Radio National, 1999, http://www.abc.ney.au/healthreport/stories/1999/48140.htm, (accessed 10 March 2003).

Web Video

1 Death Debate: Should Euthanasia be Legalised? [online video], Presenter B. Dutt, Mumbai, India, NDTV, 2007, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y_FOwchgglc, (accessed 12 January 2012).

Death Debate: Should Euthanasia be Legalised? [online video], Presenter B. Dutt, Mumbai, India, NDTV, 2007, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y_FOwchgglc, (accessed 12 January 2012).