The content in the Referencing Toolkit is based on the Referencing Style Guides created by Victoria University, Melbourne. Used with Permission.
Academic writing involves researching the ideas of other people, which you can combine with your own ideas and conclusions. Learning to acknowledge other people’s work through in-text citing and referencing will help differentiate between their ideas and your own. This is central to the idea of academic honesty.
While there are many different styles of referencing, at Newington College the preferred referencing styles for academic work are APA 6th edition (for in-text citation/works cited) and Oxford (for footnotes/endnotes).
Please use this toolkit for guidance on how to reference your work.
Please check your assessment information for the style of referencing required. It may differ between subjects.
Plagiarism is the act of taking someone else's work or idea and passing it off as your own. The consequences for plagiarism apply even for unintentional plagiarism.
The best way to avoid plagiarism is to recognise when you need to provide a reference.
Other strategies to avoid plagiarism include:
A direct quotation should be presented within quotation marks, followed by the author's surname, year of publication, and page number, inside curved brackets.
e.g. "as the drama draws to a close, its characters and events vanish into thin air, since, being fictions, there is nowhere for them to go" (Eagleton, 2013, p. 47).
e.g. Latimer (2016) states that "even if the contract is read, it may not be understood" (p. 400).
Even when using your own words to explain someone else's idea - you must reference the original author. To effectively paraphrase, read the paragraph several times to understand what it means, close the book or browser and then re-write it in your own words.
e.g. The second Vatican Council was a significant event in Australian and international Catholicism, which occurred over 45 years ago. (Black, 1991, p. 20).
e.g. Lichtheim (1970) argues that anarchism as a social movement is now only significant in historical context, as the social implications are no longer relevant in the current world (p. 228).