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Referencing Toolkit

Introduction to APA

These pages are an introduction to the APA (American Psychological Association) referencing system. The content is based on and gives credit to the APA Referencing guide created by Victoria University’s, which is an interpretation of the information in the APA's official style guide

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

  Victoria University Library [vicuniversitylibrary]. APA Referencing: the basics [video file]. Retrieved from https://vimeo.com/191910171.

Video Transcript

In this presentation, you will learn the basics on how to create an in-text reference and a reference list in APA style.

So, what is an APA style of referencing? The APA Style is an author-date referencing system which draws upon the 6th edition of the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (APA). Each work or source referred to within the body of your writing is given an in-text reference and an entry in the Reference list at the end of the document.

So, how do I format an In-text reference? When formatting your in-text reference you need to consider the following:Are you quoting directly or in other words copying “word to word” from a source? Or are you paraphrasing or summarising the words or ideas of others in your own words? If using a direct quote from a source, include the Author’s surname, the year of publication and the page number in round brackets and place quotation marks around the direct quote. Alternatively, the author’s name can be used anywhere within the sentence. In this case, place the year of publication and the page number in round brackets next to the Author’s surname name. When paraphrasing or summarising the ideas or opinions of others, include the authors’ surname and year of publication in round brackets within the text of your writing. If including the author anywhere in the sentence, place year of publication in round brackets next to the Author’s name.

So, how do I reference when there is more than one author of a particular source? Here are some examples of how you would do an in-text reference when there is more than 1 author of a particular source.

The next component of APA Referencing is to compile a Reference List. A Reference list includes full details of all your in-text references and is listed on a separate page at the end of your assignment titled: References. It is arranged in alphabetical order and must be indented from the second and subsequent lines of each entry (5-7 spaces).

For further assistance, follow the link to the APA referencing Guide OR Contact us through ‘Ask a Librarian’.

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