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Referencing Toolkit

APA : Citing Tables & Figures

  • Tables are numerical values or text displayed in rows and columns.
  • Figures include graphs, charts, maps, drawings and photographs.

When including tables or figures in your work, please note:

  • All tables and figures must be referred to in the main body of the text.
  • Number all tables and figures in the order they first appear in the text.
  • Refer to them in the text by their number. 
Example:

As shown in Table 2...
OR
As illustrated in Figure 3...

 

  • Each table or figure should be accompanied by a concise description of the contents, presented directly below the figure.
  • When reproducing a table or figure from another source you must also include a citation with the caption, as well as in the Reference list. You may need to obtain written permission from the copyright holder. The copyright permission statement should be included at the end of the caption.
  • Note that you should use the wording "Reprinted [or Adapted] with permission" only when permission has been sought and granted.

Examples:

1. If you reproduce a figure, credit the original source in full at the bottom of the reproduction. Cite the source in full in your reference list:

Example: Figure 1. A credibility judgment is arrived at within the larger context of one's background, prior knowledge, assumptions and biases, as one performs a series of iterative assessments based on one's defined need, specific attributes of the source and rules of thumb that have worked successfully in the past. From "Evaluation techniques," by D. Cunningham, 2008, Annals of Psychiatry, 36, p. 35. Copyright 2008 by David Cunningham. Reprinted with permission.

Figure Reproduction

 

Reference List

Cunningham, D. (2008). Evaluation techniques. Annals of Psychiatry, 36(2), 24-45.

 

2. If you adapt a figure, credit the original source in full at the bottom of the figure but add the words 'Adapted from' to indicate it has been changed by you, and cite the source in full in your reference list:

Figure 1. A credibility judgment is arrived at within the larger context of one's background, prior knowledge, assumptions and biases, as one makes interim decisions based on one's defined need, specific attributes of the source and rules of thumb that have worked successfully in the past. Adapted from "Evaluation techniques," by D. Cunningham, 2008, Annals of Psychiatry 36, p. 35. Copyright 2008 by David Cunningham. Adapted with permission.

Figure Adaptation


Reference List

Cunningham, D. (2008). Evaluation techniques. Annals of Psychiatry, 36(2), 24-45.

 

3. Follow a discussion of a figure viewed in another source (but not reproduced) with an in-text citation for the published source. Include the figure number as it appears in the published source. Cite the source in full in your reference list:

... evaluating the credibility of a source is shown as the interaction between one's defined need, specific attributes of the source, and rules of thumb which have worked previously when evaluating sources (Cunningham, 2008, p. 35, fig. 3).

Figure Discussion

 

Reference List

Cunningham, D. (2008). Evaluation techniques. Annals of Psychiatry36(2), 24-45.