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Referencing Toolkit

APA : Journal Articles

  Victoria University Library [vicunilibrary]. APA Referencing: journal articles [video file]. Retrieved from

Basic Format to Reference a Journal

  • Author or authors.The surname is followed by first initials.
  • Year of publication of the article (in round brackets).
  • Article title.
  • Journal title (in italics).
  • Volume of journal (in italics).
  • Issue number of journal in round brackets (no italics).
  • Page range of article.
  • DOI.
  • The first line of each citation is left adjusted. Every subsequent line is indented 5-7 spaces.

Example: Ruxton, C. (2016). Tea: Hydration and other health benefits. Primary Health Care, 26(8), 34-42. doi:10.7748/phc.2016.e1162

Reference list example - book

Referencing Journal Articles : Examples

Printable examples

Material Type

In-text examples

Reference list examples

Journal Article: Single author

"... black tea is the second most consumed beverage in the world after water” (Ruxton, 2016, p. 34).


Ruxton (2016, p. 40) suggests "…unsweetened tea can be part of a recommended diet.”

[Include page numbers for direct quotes.]

Ruxton, C. (2016). Tea: Hydration and other health benefits. Primary Health Care, 26(8), 34-42. doi:10.7748/phc.2016.e1162

[Where a DOI is available it must be included at the end of the citation. The database name, URL and date of retrieval are not required.]

Journal Article: 2 authors

... connection and optimism (Aspy & Proeve, 2017), but others contend ...


Aspy and Proeve (2017) have found ...

[Cite both authors each time the reference occurs.]

Aspy, D. J., & Proeve, M. (2017). Mindfulness and loving-kindness meditation: Effects on connectedness to humanity and to the natural world. Psychological Reports, 120(1), 102-117. doi:10.1177/0033294116685867

Journal Article: 3, 4, or 5 authors

... nurses must care as well as be competent (Geraghty, Lauva & Oliver, 2016).


Geraghty, Lauva and Oliver (2016) suggest ...

[Cite all of the authors the first time the reference occurs. In subsequent citations, include only the surname of the first author followed by et al. and the year.]

... can teach compassion (Geraghty et al., 2016).


Geraghty et al. (2016) have shown ...

Geraghty, S., Lauva, M., & Oliver, K. (2016). Reconstructing compassion: Should it be taught as part of the curriculum? British Journal of Nursing, 25(15), 836-839. doi:10.12968/bjon.2016.25.15.836

[Provide the names of all authors in the reference list.]

Journal Article: 6 or more authors

Fitness levels are impacted by “... proximity to parks, playgrounds and sports facilities” (Eime et al., 2017, p. 248).


Eime et al. (2017, p. 254) found “the level of sport participation is…”

[Cite only the surname of the first author followed by et al. and the year. For direct quotes, include the page number after the year.]

Eime, R. M., Harvey, J., Charity, M. J., Casey, M., Westerbeek, H., & Payne, W. R. (2017). The relationship of sport participation to provision of sports facilities and socioeconomic status: A geographical analysis. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 41(3), 248-255. doi:10.1111/1753-6405.12647

[Provide the names of all authors in the reference list.]

Journal Article: 8 or more authors

Newton et al. (2015) have found...

OR protections afforded by physical exercise (Newton et al., 2015).

[Cite only the surname of the first author followed by et al. and the year, for the first and subsequent citations.]

Newton, J. D., Klein, R., Bauman, A., Newton, F. J., Mahal, A., Gilbert, K., . . . Smith, B. J. (2015). The MOVE study: A study protocol for a randomised controlled trial assessing interventions to maximise attendance at physical activity facilities. BMC Public Health, 15(403), 1-9. doi:10.1186/s12889-015-1735-0

[Include the first six authors' names, followed by three dots, then add the last author's name.]

Online Journal Article: No DOI assigned

... guidelines designed to promote health (Craig, 2012).


As Craig (2012) observes ...

Craig, P. (2012). Contemporary nutrition issues. Journal of the Home Economics Institute of Australia, 19(2), 12-21. Retrieved from

[If a DOI is not available, provide the home page URL of the journal publisher. The retrieval date is not required.]

Print Journal Article: No DOI assigned

… Aussie Rules is the people’s game (Duncan, 2016)…


Duncan (2016) states that a sense of belonging…

​Duncan, S. (2016). Voices from the grandstands: The attitudes of Australian football fans towards the concept of creating, developing and binding communities. Sporting Traditions, 33(2), 19-40.

Journal article: No author

... as was the case for most students ("The Pain of Being a Caffeine Freak," 2001).


... as in "The Pain of Being a Caffeine Freak" (2001) which reveals ...

[When a work has no identified author, cite in-text the first few words of the reference entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks if you are referring to the title of an article, chapter or web page.

Italicize the title if you are referring to the title of a periodical, book, brochure or a report, see Book: No Author.]

The pain of being a caffeine freak. (2001, October 6). New Scientist, 172(2311), 27.

[For magazines, newsletters, and newspapers, give the year and the exact date of the publication (month or month and day), separated by a comma.]

Online Journal Article: No page numbers

... in all outcomes (Williams, 2008).


Williams (2008) remarks ...

[For direct quotations of online material without pagination, name the sections and paragraph number.]

One of the author’s main points is that “people don’t rise from nothing” (Williams, 2008, Section 2, para. 5).

Williams, J. (2008). The victims of crime. Sociology Review, 17(4), Retrieved from

Secondary Sources

[When you are referring to the ideas or words of an author who has been cited in another work. Also called 'secondary citation'.]

“…global movement toward a more naturalistic approach for childbirth” (Goldbas as cited in Sullivan & McGuiness, 2015, p. 20).


Goldbas’s overview (as cited in Sullivan & McGuiness, 2015) indicates…

[Provide names of both authors.]

​Sullivan, D. H., & McGuiness, C. (2015). Natural labor pain management. International Journal of Childbirth Education, 30(2), 20-25. Retrieved from

[Provide the full reference for the journal article that you actually read.]