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Referencing Toolkit

How to Reference

Basic Format to Reference a Journal Article

Format for footnotes for a journal article:

  • In your Reference List the author's initials come after the surname and the full range of the article's pages are added, see examples below.
  • Use single quotation marks to enclose direct quotations. Quotes of 30 or more words are indented 1 cm from left-hand margin, started as a new paragraph and don’t need quotation marks. 
  • For more information about how to include quotes in your essay see Quotes in Oxford.

Example:

1 R.A. Goldthwaite, 'The Florentine Palace as Domestic Architecture: Four Centuries of Influence', American Historical Review, vol. 77, no. 4, 1972, p. 97.

Journal reference example

Examples

Printable Handouts

Citation Examples

Material Type

Footnote examples

Reference list examples

Journal Article: single author.

1 S.Oztas, A Literary Genre in Value Education in History Courses: Poems, Journal of Education and Training Studies, vol. 6, no. 5, 2018, pp. 34-39.

Oztas, S., A Literary Genre in Value Education in History Courses: Poems, Journal of Education and Training Studies, vol. 6, no. 5, 2018, pp. 34-39.

Journal Article: Two authors.

1 P. Addo and N. Besnier, 'When Gifts Become Commodities: Pawnshops, Valuables, and Shame in Tonga and the Tongan Diaspora', Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, vol. 14, no. 1, 2008, p. 39.

Addo, P., and Besnier, N., 'When Gifts Become Commodities: Pawnshops, Valuables, and Shame in Tonga and the Tongan Diaspora', Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, vol. 14, no. 1, 2008, pp. 35-40.

Journal Article: Three authors.

1 M.C. Allen, T. Zuboff and R. Black, 'Instructional Designers in Australia: The State of Play', Distance Education, vol. 16, no. 1, 1994, pp. 27-28.

Allen, M.C., Zuboff, T., and Black, R., 'Instructional Designers in Australia: the State of Play', Distance Education, vol. 16, no. 1, 1994, pp. 26-34.

Journal Article: More than three authors.

1 M. Spencer et al., 'Analyzing the Order of Items in Manuscripts of "The Canterbury Tales"', Computers and the Humanities, vol. 37, no. 1, 2003, p. 98.

Spencer, M. et al., 'Analyzing the Order of Items in Manuscripts of "The Canterbury Tales"', Computers and the Humanities, vol. 37, no. 1, 2003, pp. 97-109.

Journal Article: Online

1 K. Toffoletti, 'How is Gender-based Violence Covered in the Sporting News?: An Account of the Australian Football League Sex Scandal', Women's Studies International Forum, vol. 30, no. 5, 2007, p. 427.

Toffoletti, K., 'How is Gender-based Violence Covered in the Sporting News?: An Account of the Australian Football League Sex Scandal', Women's Studies International Forum, vol. 30, no. 5, 2007, pp. 420-444.

Note: A journal article accessed from the Library Catalogue or a database is cited using the same format as for a print article.
Journal Article: Accessed from a webpage

1 K.R. Moore, 'Was Pythagoras Ever Really in Sparta?', Rosetta, no. 6, Spring 2009, p. 5, http://www.rosetta.bham.ac.uk, (accessed 10 September 2010).

Use paragraph (para.) or section (sec.) numbers if no page numbers, e.g. sec. 2, para. 5.

Moore, K.R., 'Was Pythagoras Ever Really in Sparta?', Rosetta, no. 6, Spring 2009, pp. 1-14, http://www.rosetta.bham.ac.uk, (accessed 10 September 2010).