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Referencing Toolkit

What is it?

Your Reference List should be located on a separate page at the end of your essay and titled: Reference List.

It should include the details of all your footnotes, arranged alphabetically A-Z by author surname.

See the Sample Referencing List tab for more details.

Other points to note:

  • In your footnotes, the author’s given name precedes the surname, e.g. P. Grimshaw, while in the Reference List the surname comes first, e.g. Grimshaw, P.
  • If the work has no author use the first substantive word of the title (not The or A) to insert it into the alphabetical sequence.
  • In the Reference List include the full page range of a journal article or book chapter, e.g. pp. 165-217.
  • Page numbers are not required for entire books in the Reference List.
  • If you have cited more than one work by the same author, you should arrange them by date with the earliest first. If the dates are the same add a lower case letter after the date to differentiate between two such publications, e.g. 1996a, 1996b. See the 'Flannery' citation in the Sample Reference List. Use this convention in your footnotes as well.

Please Note: Some lecturers require your Reference List to be divided into Primary and Secondary Sources. Click on the Sample Reference List tab for more details.

Bibliography or Reference List?

The terms ‘Bibliography’ and ‘Reference List’ are often used interchangeably, however a reference list only includes items you have referenced in your assignment whereas, a bibliography also includes items used to prepare your assignment.

Always check with your teacher for which they require.